詳細

大藪神楽(おおやぶかぐら) ŌyabuKagura

15分版 15min

2時間版 2hrs

【大藪神楽】
 大藪神楽が伝承されている宮崎県椎葉村大河内(おおかわち)大藪地区は、椎葉村の南端部に位置し、西米良村と隣接する。大藪地区周辺の森は九州大学演習林の保護区内であり、大藪川(おおやぶがわ)にかかる御神橋(ごしんばし)の真下には落差30mの「御神の滝(ごしんのたき)」がある。
 大藪神楽は大藪地区の鎮守である今森神社(いまもりじんじゃ)にて神迎えを行い、大藪集会センターを神楽宿とし奉納される。平成20年頃までは大藪と大桑木(おがのき)の2集落が3年に一度合同で夜神楽を行っていた。大藪の今森神社、大桑木には鹿倉神社(かくらじんじゃ)が立ち、明治初期に大河内神社(おおかわちじんじゃ)に合祀された現在も信仰の対象として大切にされている。
 神楽序盤の神事「板起(いたおこ)し」では、唱え言とともにまな板の清め祓いとして榊の葉を切り散らした後、生の猪肉と鹿肉を切り串に刺し、その肉を全員で食す。村内でも豆腐を代用する地区が多い中、唯一神道(ゆいいつしんとう)の影響の少ない狩猟儀礼(しゅりょうぎれい)、修験色(しゅげんしょく)の濃い神楽であるといえよう。終盤「神崇(かんすい)」が舞われた後、まだ日が明けぬうちに神楽宿から今森神社に向かい、小さな灯りの下で神送りの「宮神楽」が奉納され、再度神楽宿にて「猪舞(ししまい)」「舞おろし」の奉納で神楽は締めくくられる。
 令和2年(2020)現在、大藪、合戦原(かせばる)、矢立(やたて)、大河内の4地区が輪番で三十三番の夜神楽を奉納している。祝子(ほうりこ)は15名、子ども神楽も盛んで、県内外での神楽公演等にも積極的に参加している。

【Ōyabu-Kagura】
 The Ōkawachi-Ōyabu region, at the southern tip of Shiiba, in Miyazaki Prefecture, where Ōyabu kagura has been passed down through the generations, borders the village of Nishimera. The forests around the Ōyabu region are protected for research, and the Goshinbashi bridge over the Ōyabu river there crosses the 30m-high waterfall “Goshin no taki.”
 During Ōyabu kagura, the kami mukae ritual to welcome the gods is performed at Imamori-jinja, the main shrine for the Ōyabu region, and then the kagura itself is performed at the Ōyabu community center. Up until 2008, once every three years, the two communities of Ōyabu and Oganoki would jointly perform night kagura. Imamori-jinja in Ōyabu and Kakura-jinja in Oganoki were combined into Ōkawachi-jinja in the late 19th Century, and to this day are still very much revered.
 In the “Ita okoshi” ritual that begins this style of kagura, after chants are recited, a chopping board is purified, and leaves of the Sakaki tree are cut up and scattered. After this, raw venison and boar is skewered, and consumed by everyone. While there are some areas that substitute tofu for the meat in this ritual, we might still say that this is a style of kagura that has been influenced surprisingly little by the beliefs of Yuiitsu Shinto (a religious sect), and retains a deep, rich flavor of the ancient hunting ceremonies and ascetic mountain worship. After the last dance in the repertoire, “kansui,” is performed, worshippers head to Imamori-jinja before the sun rises in order to perform the “miya kagura” ritual to send off the gods by the light of small lanterns, before returning to the community center. After the “shishi mai” and “mai oroshi” dances are performed there, the kagura performance is concluded.
 As of 2020, the four regions of Ōyabu, Kasebaru, Yatate and Ōkawachi take turns to perform the 33 dances in the repertoire as night kagura. There are 15 Shinto priests as performers, and kagura is even popular with local children. The performers actively take part in kagura performances all over the country.