詳細

嶽之枝尾神楽(たけのえだおかぐら) TakenoedaoKagura

15分版 15min

2時間版 2hrs

【嶽之枝尾神楽】
  椎葉村南部、小崎川(こさきがわ)左岸に位置する竹(たけ)の枝(えだ)尾(お)日(ひ)当地区。椎茸作り、次いで畜産、林業が主な生活源となっている。民俗学の創始者である柳田国男が明治41年法制局参事官の時に椎葉村を訪れ、その伝承文化に触れたことで、翌年「後狩詞記(のちのかりことばのき)」を発表し、以後椎葉村は民俗学の宝庫として注目されている。当時柳田を案内した竹の枝尾に建つ中瀬(なかせ)淳(すなお)村長宅には、昭和60年「日本民俗発祥の地」の碑が建立された。宿借(やどかり)、注繩引鬼神、星指(ほしさし)など、全国的に類を見ない演目が多く、貴重な伝承と云われる。
  嶽之枝尾神楽は、集落の前面に見える杉(すぎ)木立(こだち)に鎮座する嶽之枝尾神社(じんじゃ)、または民家で行われる。地内日当(ちないひあて)、日添(ひぞえ)、臼杵又(うすきまた)の3集落の氏神として崇敬されてきた嶽之枝尾神社は、元久(げんきゅう)二年の勧請(かんじょう)と伝え、古くは平田(へいだ)大明神と呼ばれていた。以前は、3集落の民家をならし宿として輪番制で行われていたが、昭和43年に舞殿(まいでん)を改築してからは主に神社で行われるようになった。「みこし神楽」と呼ばれる道神楽の保存継承の為に、不定期に民家での神楽も行っている。
  嶽之枝尾神楽には平祭りと33番の注連の大祭があり、移転後は神楽保存の為に3年に1度だった注連の大祭を毎年12月第1土曜から日曜にかけて行うようになった。注連(しめ)は、青柴垣(あおふしがき)の外(そと)神屋(こうや)中央に高天原の祭壇を設け、その左右両側に御弊、紅白の反物、日月(じつげつ)を表した御笠(みかさ)などで飾られる大宝の注連を6本ずつ計12本、立てる。
  保存会会員は約20名で、一部の演目では世襲制が残っている。稽古は「ならし」といい10月中旬から週二回程行われる。
  八(はっ)調子(ちょうし)の激しい太鼓に静かな舞が特徴であり、「ゴヤセキ」と呼ばれる女性達による神楽セリ歌と囃子が夜神楽を盛り立てる。

【Takenoedao Kagura】
Takenoedao-Hiate is a district located south of Shiiba Village on the left side of the Kosaki River basin. Shiitake cultivation, animal husbandry, and forestry are major sources of living in the district. Mr. Kunio Yanagita, who is known for his groundbreaking work on the Japanese folklore, had visited Shiiba Village while he was serving as the Counsellor of the Legal Affairs Bureau in 1908. His familiarity with Shiiba’s local traditions led to the publication of “Nochi-karikotobano-ki” in the following year. Since then, Shiiba Village has been known as the treasure trove of the Japanese folklore. In 1985, a stone monument recognizing Shiiba as the “place of origin of the Japanese folklore” was erected at the residence of the former village leader Mr. Sunao Nakase in Takenoedao, who worked for Mr. Yanagita as a guide. The kagura consists of unique programs such as Yadokari, Shimehiki-kijin, Hoshisashi, and are highly valued for their rarity.
Takenoedao Kagura is held at a private house or Takenoedao Shrine standing among the cedar trees in front of the community. Takenoedao Shrine enshrines the tutelary deities of three communities; Chinaihiate, Hizoe, Usukimata. Formally called Heida Daimyoujin, it is said to have been founded in 1205. Traditionally, the kagura was performed at a private house of the said communities in yearly rotation, until the sacred pavilion was rebuilt in 1968 for kagura performances at the shrine. Kagura are held irregularly at a private house for the preservation of kagura procession called “Mikoshi Kagura.”
Takenoedao Kagura used to be celebrated as “Hiramatsuri” regular festival or as “Shimeno-Taisai” grand festival with 33 programs held once every three years. Since the opening of the sacred pavilion, Shimeno-Taisai is held yearly on the first Saturday and Sunday of December for the preservation. The outdoor stage is decorated with brushwood fence around the edge and “takamagahara” altar set up at the center. 6 bamboo poles called “Taihou-no-Shime” are placed on each side of the alter, each decorated with paper streamers, red and white textiles, bamboo hats featuring the sun and the moon.
The Preservation Association is made up 20 members and some of the programs are passed down only within the families that perform them. The rehearsal is held twice a week from the middle of October. Characterized by the quiet dance and boisterous drum beat, the performance livens up with “goyaseki” that female audience sing and chant during the performance.